Role of teachers and Role of School in safeguarding the rights of children



Teachers play a critical role in safeguarding the rights of children in schools.

Creating a safe and inclusive environment

Teachers are responsible for establishing a safe, welcoming, and inclusive classroom environment where every child feels respected, valued, and protected.

They promote an atmosphere of mutual respect, empathy, and tolerance, ensuring that all students are treated equally regardless of their background, abilities, or characteristics.

Identifying and reporting concern

Teachers should be vigilant in recognizing signs of abuse, neglect, bullying, or any other form of harm.

Should be knowledgeable about their duty to report suspicious or disclosures of abuse or neglect to the designated authorities within the school or relevant child protection agencies.

Building positive relationship

Teachers are responsible for establishing positive and trusting relationships with their students.

By developing strong connections, they create a safe space for children to confide in them and seek support when needed.

Building rapport also allows teachers to better understand and address any challenges or concerns that students may face

Teaching personal safety skills

Teachers should educate students about personal safety skills and empower them to protect themselves.

This includes teaching children about appropriate boundaries, personal space, assertiveness, and understanding the difference between safe and unsafe situations.

Teachers can also educate students about online safety, responsible use of technology, and cyberbullying prevention.

Providing emotional support

Teachers need to be attuned to the emotional well-being of their students.

They should create an environment where children feel comfortable expressing their emotions and concerns.

Teachers can offer support, guidance, and counselling if needed, and ensure that appropriate referral systems are in place for accessing further professional help when required

Implementing preventive measures

Addressing bullying through anti-bullying policies, promoting positive behaviour management strategies, and fostering a culture of respect and empathy among students.

Teachers should also ensure that classrooms and school premises are physically secure and that appropriate safety measures are in place.

Collaborating with colleagues and stakeholders

Teachers should collaborate with their colleagues, school staff, and external stakeholders such as parents, guardians, and community members to create a comprehensive network of support for students.

Containing professional development

Teachers should continuously update their knowledge and skills related to child protection and safeguarding.

Participating in professional development opportunities, attending workshops, and staying informed about best practices and legal requirements help ensure that teachers are equipped to fulfil their responsibilities effectively.


Child protection is the process of protecting individual children from any form of harm, maltreatment or abuse.

    Structures/ Systems to protect children in schools:

Having a Designated Liaison Person [DLP] in place for dealing with child protection.

Having a standard reporting procedures and ensuring that they are followed.

Ensuring any child protection cases identified and referred promptly for the relevant services and authorities.

Having procedures for checking staff before they work with children.

Having a child protection policy, which includes procedures to be followed if a teacher or other member of the staff is accused of harming a child.

Making sure staff are trained to identify signs of abuse, including what to do if they or someone else is worried about child.

The school should teach children how to protect themselves. Personal, social and health education lessons to be explained (Risky behavior, appropriate and inappropriate physical contact, dealing with pressure.)

Dealing with suspected case of abuse – If a child is suspected being abused, it should be reported to police or local social services.

Preventing inappropriate relationships in schools

Vetting of school staff – Everyone employed in a school is to be vetted by a criminal record check.

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